Category: Technology

Definition of artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is one of the cornerstone technologies of the future. It is a broad term, but chiefly refers to the ability of a machine to change, adapt and grow based on new data and expereinces. This is described as “intelligence.”

“AI is an extremely broad term covering a myriad of AI specializations and subsets — is a group of algorithms that can modify its algorithms and create new algorithms in response to learned inputs and data as opposed to relying solely on the inputs it was designed to recognize as triggers. This ability to change, adapt and grow based on new data, is described as “intelligence.”

Atlas Shrugged

Some humanoid robots that, like Boston Dynamic’s Atlas, already outperform humans in pany parts of the physical sphere. However, they are not thought to have substantial AI capabilities yet. It is hard to tell though. Not all projects will be made public.

FOOD FOR THOUGHT

 McKinsey predicts that AI techniques (including deep learning and reinforcement learning) have the potential to create between $3.5T and $5.8T in value annually across nine business functions in 19 industries.

Main issues

Why Artificial Intelligence Matters

KEY CONCERN

As we don’t fully comprehend the limits of AI technology, most scientists concur to have no idea what exactly superintelligence will bring us if it were to outsmart us at some point.

Unsupervised vs supervised AI

Schools of thought

There are various schools of thought on how to proceed with this level of uncertainty. Some fear a full-on battle between the species. Others foresee a merger between man and machine.

One school says we should proceed with extreme care, as these increasingly autonomous machines may represent a existential risk to humankind – once their physique is stronger and they outsmart us by any standard. Basically they would be better at almost everything.

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This group of experts believes these machines may conclude that there is not much use for these troublesome humans.

Others say this is never going to happen: it is just a scare tactic and a big conspiracy theory.

Potentially this type of denial is not helpful, because the current, very basic artificial intelligence is already outperforming human brain power on many fronts. Google’s AlphaGo algorithm, for instance, beat the world champion of the Chinese board game GO and displayed unexpected creativity (see video on the left).

A third school assumes there will be a symbiosis between humans and machines, wherebye artificial intelligence will augment us at all fronts. We, ourselves, will become these superintelligent super-beings.

This process is already on-going as well. Most people rely on calculators, rather than mental arithmetic, and few people travel without navigation tools.

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How does it work

Artificial intelligence works through symbolic-learning and through machine-learning.

Data processing, machine learning and business action. It operates in an automated mode without any human intervention.

Machine-learning (data-based): we need to feed the machine lots of data before it can learn and predict. More dimensions than humans. Huge datasets, more patterns and better predictions. Good to classify and to predict.

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